Hispanic men least likely to call 911 for stroke


[dropcap]S[/dropcap]omeone in the U.S. has a stroke every 40 seconds. Someone dies from one every four minutes. Stroke is the No. 5 cause of death in the U.S., claiming nearly 130,000 lives per year.

During a stroke, slightly more than half of patients use emergency medical services to get to the hospital with Hispanic men being the least likely to use emergency medical services transport, according to research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers analyzed medical records from nearly 400,000 stroke patients admitted to more than 1,600 hospitals participating in the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association’s Get With The Guidelines®-Stroke program and found:

· About 55.5 percent of Hispanic women used emergency medical services

· The group least likely to use EMS was Hispanic men, at a little more than 52 percent

Fast treatment is critical during a stroke to restore blood flow to the brain and prevent tissue damage, and limit disability. Experts recommend calling 911 immediately upon noticing stroke symptoms. These symptoms and the recommended action are easily remembered by the acronym F.A.S.T for: Face drooping; Arm weakness; Speech difficulty; Time to call 911.

In addition:

· Projections show that by 2030, an additional 3.4 million people aged ≥ 18 years will have had a stroke, a 20.5 percent increase in prevalence from 2012. The highest increase (29 percent) is projected to be in Hispanic men.

· Spanish-speaking Hispanics are less likely to know all stroke symptoms than English-speaking Hispanics, non-Hispanic blacks, and non-Hispanic whites. Lack of English proficiency is strongly associated with lack of stroke knowledge among Hispanics.

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